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              詩歌翻譯: 周暉-《剛峰宦囊》英文譯文

              來源:可可英語 編輯:Villa ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

              這篇古文概括了海瑞的生平。海瑞(1514—1587),字汝賢,號剛峰,回族人,廣東瓊山人。明嘉靖舉人,初任南平教諭、浙江淳安知縣。嘉靖四十五年任戶部主事時,上《治安疏》勸諫明世宗,獲罪下獄,世宗死后得釋;隆慶三年(1569)以右僉都御史巡撫應天,遭彈劾革職;萬歷十三年(1585)再起,任南京僉都御史,又改南京吏部侍郎,后在任所去世。

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              周暉·《剛峰宦囊》

              都御史剛峰海公卒于官舍,同鄉宦南京者,惟戶部蘇懷民一人。蘇點其宦囊,竹籠中俸金八兩、葛布一端、舊衣數件而已。如此都御史,那可多得!王司寇風洲評之云:“不怕死,不愛錢,不立黨?!贝司抛謹啾M海公生平,即千萬言諛之,能加于此評乎?


              Hai Rui's Possessions and Property

              Zhou Hui (1546-1623)

              Mr. Hai Gangfeng, 1 the highest-ranking official of the Central Censorate, 2 passed away in his official residence. The only person from his hometown in Nanjing was an official called Su Huaimin in the Ministry of Revenue. 3 When Su checked the possessions and property Mr. Hai had left behind, he found nothing except eight taels of silver (his salary), several meters of plain cloth and a few pieces of some worn-out clothes in a bamboo container. Where can people find one more such Grand Censor? Wang Shizhen, Minister of Justice of his time, made his comment by saying, “He did not fear death, nor did he take a fancy to money, or from a clique with anyone.” Wang's words properly summarized Hai Rui's life. Even if thousands of words could be used to praise him, no other comments could surpass this one.


              1. Hai Gangfeng (1514-87), better known as Hai Rui, was a famous Chinese official during the Ming Dynasty. His name has come down in history as a model of upright morality, scrupulous honesty, fairness and integrity in office.

              2. It pinyin is Ducha Yuan, the top-level central supervisory agency in ancient China. Officials working there were known as censors. They were directly accountable to the emperors and served as the “eyes and ears” to check the top-level officials to prevent corruption.

              3. It is equivalent to today's Ministry of Finance.

              (王宏、張順生 譯)


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              重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
              container [kən'teinə]

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              n. 容器,集裝箱

               
              scrupulous ['skru:pjuləs]

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              adj. 小心謹慎的,細心的,嚴謹的

              聯想記憶
              integrity [in'tegriti]

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              n. 誠實,正直,完整,完善

               
              equivalent [i'kwivələnt]

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              adj. 等價的,相等的
              n. 相等物

              聯想記憶
              property ['prɔpəti]

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              n. 財產,所有物,性質,地產,道具

              聯想記憶
              fairness ['fɛənis]

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              n. 公平,公正

               
              upright ['ʌp'rait]

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              adj. 正直的,誠實的,合乎正道的

               
              except [ik'sept]

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              vt. 除,除外
              prep. & conj.

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              censor ['sensə]

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              n. 檢查員,監察官 vt. 檢查

              聯想記憶
              plain [plein]

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              n. 平原,草原
              adj. 清楚的,坦白的,簡

               
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